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The ETS: Who does what

The Environmental Protection Authority

The EPA manages the administration of the Scheme and operates the emissions register. 

The EPA is responsible for:

  • Industrial allocations: we allocate emission units to emissions-intensive and trade-exposed industries. 

  • Emissions reporting and surrender: those who carry out mandatory and voluntary non-forestry activities under the ETS must report their emissions to the EPA annually. We make sure that everyone with mandatory obligations has signed up to the scheme, and ensure that all participants report their emissions accurately and meet their surrender obligations on time.

  • The Register: we operate the New Zealand Emission Trading Register (NZETR), and so manage users, accounts, and other transactional aspects of the ETS. 

  • Entitlements for removal activities: those who carry out non-forestry activities that remove carbon from the atmosphere, such as producing products that embed carbon, or exporting synthetic greenhouse gases from New Zealand, can submit returns to the EPA on a quarterly basis to receive emission units. We make sure people are given the right number of units to account for their activities.

  • Levy on importing synthetic greenhouse gases (SGGs): importers of vehicles and other goods that contain SGGs pay a levy for the quantity of gas imported in their products. We do not administer those levies, but we are responsible for monitoring compliance with the levies.

  • Delegated forestry functions: while the majority of forestry related functions are administered by the Ministry for Primary Industries​ (MPI), we are responsible for managing accounts, and processing unit surrenders and entitlements for forestry participants and allocation recipients in the NZETR. We also assess penalty decisions for late or missed surrenders and repayments.

The Ministry for the Environment

The Ministry for the Environment​ has overall responsibility for the Climate Change Response Act, climate change programmes and policy development.

The Ministry for Primary Industries​

The Ministry for Primary Industries manages the forestry sector’s emissions operations and  provides information about agriculture under the Scheme.

New Zealand Customs

The New Zealand Customs Service administers part of the synthetic greenhouse gas provisions of the Climate Change Response Act. They administer the Synthetic Greenhouse Gas levy for the quantity of greenhouse gases inside imported goods (excluding vehicles).​

The New Zealand Transport Agency

The New Zealand Transport Agency​ administers part of the synthetic greenhouse gas provisions of the Climate Change Response Act. They administer the Synthetic Greenhouse Gas levy for the quantity of greenhouse gases inside imported vehicles.​