The EEZ extends from 12 to 200 nautical miles offshore.
The Extended Continental Shelf is the area where the seabed and subsoil of New Zealand’s submerged landmass extends beyond the EEZ.
The EEZ Act
The Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects) Act 2012 (the EEZ Act) came into force on 28 June 2013. The EEZ Act set up a legislative framework for environmental management in New Zealand’s Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf. Its purpose is to promote the sustainable management of the natural resources in this area and protect the environment from pollution by harmful substances, and dumping or incineration of waste or other matter.
Types of activities managed under the EEZ Act include:
- prospecting and exploration for petroleum and minerals
- extraction of petroleum and minerals
- discharges of harmful substances from offshore installations
- dumping of waste
- seismic surveying
- marine scientific research, prospecting and exploration
- submarine cabling
- burials at sea
- discharge of sediments from prospecting and exploration.
Read the EEZ Act and the EEZ Amendment Act.
Read the EEZ (Environmental Effects - Non-notified Activities) Regulations 2014.
Read the Discharge and Dumping Regulations 2015.